2011/08/05 - Jakarta Cactus has been retired.

For more information, please explore the Attic.

Forewords

This document explains how to unit test EJBs version 2.0 with Cactus. If you want to test EJB version 3.0 with Cactus you can follow this article, as well as have a look at the sample applications that come with Cactus's distribution in samples/ejb3

This tutorial shows how to write test cases for unit testing EJB methods. The EJB used in this example is a simple Session Bean.

This tutorial assumes the reader has already understood how to use Cactus to test Servlet. To test an EJB, you need to prepare a war to contain the cactus setting and test cases, and then prepare a jar of your ejb. You need to match the JNDI name in the ejb jar and the war.

This is an EJB 1.1 example but the same principles are valid for EJB 2.0

EJB Jar

Step 1: Prepare the Sample EJB

The EJB used in this tutorial is a simple Session Bean with a method for converting Yen to Dollar.

EJB Remote

package org.apache.cactus.sample.ejb;

import java.rmi.*;
import javax.ejb.*;

public interface Converter extends EJBObject
{
    public double convertYenToDollar(double theYenAmount) throws RemoteException;
}

EJB Home

package org.apache.cactus.sample.ejb;

import java.rmi.*;
import javax.ejb.*;

public interface ConverterHome extends EJBHome
{
    public Converter create() throws RemoteException, CreateException;
}

EJB Bean

package org.apache.cactus.sample.ejb;

import javax.ejb.*;

public class ConverterEJB implements SessionBean
{
    private SessionContext context;

    public double convertYenToDollar(double theYenAmount)
    {
        return theYenAmount / 100.0;
    }

    public ConverterEJB()
    {
    }

    public void ejbCreate() throws CreateException
    {
    }

    public void setSessionContext(SessionContext theContext)
    {
        this.context = theContext;
    }

    public void ejbActivate()
    {
    }

    public void ejbPassivate()
    {
    }

    public void ejbRemove()
    {
    }
}

Step 2: Prepare EJB Deployment Descriptor (ejb-jar.xml)

Prepare the standard EJB Deployment Descriptor for the Session EJB:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<!DOCTYPE ejb-jar PUBLIC
'-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD Enterprise JavaBeans 1.1//EN'
'http://java.sun.com/j2ee/dtds/ejb-jar_1_1.dtd'>

<ejb-jar>
  <display-name>testejb</display-name>
  <enterprise-beans>
    <session>
      <description>Converter Session Bean</description>
      <display-name>Converter</display-name>
      <ejb-name>Converter</ejb-name>
      <home>org.apache.cactus.sample.ejb.ConverterHome</home>
      <remote>org.apache.cactus.sample.ejb.Converter</remote>
      <ejb-class>org.apache.cactus.sample.ejb.ConverterEJB</ejb-class>
      <session-type>Stateless</session-type>
      <transaction-type>Container</transaction-type>
    </session>
  </enterprise-beans>
  <assembly-descriptor>
    <container-transaction>
      <method>
	<ejb-name>Converter</ejb-name>
	<method-intf>Remote</method-intf>
	<method-name>*</method-name>
      </method>
      <trans-attribute>NotSupported</trans-attribute>
    </container-transaction>
  </assembly-descriptor>
</ejb-jar>

Step 3: Prepare EJB Runtime (only valid for J2EE RI)

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>

<j2ee-ri-specific-information>
  <server-name></server-name>
  <rolemapping />

  <enterprise-beans>
    <ejb>
      <ejb-name>Converter</ejb-name>
      <jndi-name>ejb/Converter</jndi-name>
    </ejb>
  </enterprise-beans>

</j2ee-ri-specific-information>

Cactus Web Application

Step 1: Prepare test code

package org.apache.cactus.sample.ejb;

import javax.naming.*;
import javax.rmi.*;
import junit.framework.*;

import org.apache.cactus.*;

public class ConverterTest extends ServletTestCase
{
    private Converter converter;

    public ConverterTest(String name)
    {
        super(name);
    }

    public static Test suite()
    {
        return new TestSuite(ConverterTest.class);
    }

    public void setUp()
    {
        Context ctx = new InitialContext();
        ConverterHome home = (ConverterHome)
            PortableRemoteObject.narrow(ctx.lookup("java:comp/ejb/Converter"),
            ConverterHome.class);
        this.converter = home.create();
    }

    public void testConvert() throws Exception
    {
        double dollar = this.converter.convertYenToDollar(100.0);
        assertEquals("dollar", 1.0, dollar, 0.01);
    }
}

Step 2: Prepare Web Application Deployment Descriptor (web.xml)

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<!DOCTYPE web-app
    PUBLIC "-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD Web Application 2.2//EN"
    "http://java.sun.com/j2ee/dtds/web-app_2.2.dtd">

<web-app>

    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>ServletRedirector</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.apache.cactus.server.ServletTestRedirector</servlet-class>
    </servlet>

    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>ServletRedirector</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>/ServletRedirector</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>

[...]

    <ejb-ref>
        <ejb-ref-name>ejb/Converter</ejb-ref-name>
        <ejb-ref-type>Session</ejb-ref-type>
        <home>org.apache.cactus.sample.ejb.ConverterHome</home>
        <remote>org.apache.cactus.sample.ejb.Converter</remote>
    </ejb-ref>

</web-app>

Step 3: Package Web Application

Package the web application into a war and then deploy it. Please note that the ejb-ref-name in the deployment descriptor need to match with the JNDI name of the test EJB.

Step 4: (Only valid to J2EE RI 1.2.1): War Runtime

<j2ee-ri-specific-information>

  <server-name/>
  <rolemapping/>

  <web>
    <display-name>test</display-name>
    <context-root>test</context-root>
    <ejb-ref>
      <ejb-ref-name>ejb/Converter</ejb-ref-name>
      <jndi-name>ejb/Converter</jndi-name>
    </ejb-ref>
  </web>

</j2ee-ri-specific-information>

Step 5: Deploy

You need to deploy the war and the ejb-jar.xml based on the deployment procedure of your servlet container and your ejb container.